Broilers are the kind of chickens reared for specifically two benefits one they grow so fast and secondly they give high meat compared to other breeds .Broilers chicken are vital in the meat industry since they provide consistent and affordable source of proteins for many people around the world .In this article we are going to answer the question Which Broiler Breed is Best? so keep on reading.
When choosing the best breed of broilers for meat production there are a few factors to consider that are more important than the rest These broiler breeds are well known for their effective feed conversion, fast growth, best meat quality and easily adaptable to change in environments This article will guide you in making a great choose in broiler chicken breeds. We will take a close look at the best breeds available and their characteristics to help you make an informed decision
Factors to Consider when Choosing a Broiler Breed
There are a few things you need to consider when choosing the best breed of broilers that can provide adequate meat production. These Include:
Feed Conversion Efficiency
This is one of the concerns that a meat producer will consider. Cost effectiveness is key; having the best broiler breed will reduce your production cost. A good broiler has a high feed conversion efficiency
Another key factor is the growing rate of the broilers The faster the breed takes to grow the earlier it will reach slaughter weight and ready for market hence increasing meat production and profitability
The quality of meat depends on the breed your rear, not all breed produce high quality meat some of the breeds produce high fat content or their meat could have less flavor, in choosing the breed you need to consider one that will give you high quality meat
Adaptability to Different Environments
If your plan is raising the broiler chickens in different areas or environments it’s important to choose a breed that is more adaptable to different environments This will greatly boost your business and success in meat productivity
By putting into consideration these key factors you will be able to make an informed decision about which broiler breed is best for you
Top Broiler Breeds for Meat Production
With so many broiler breeds to choose from there are some that really stand out for there high meat production Her are the best of the breeds:
Due to the high quality of meat that the Cornish Cross breed produces with its fast growth rate and high feed conversion rate it’s one of the best breeds for meat production.
The Cornish Cross chicken mature fast and reach slaughter at a minimum of 6 weeks and a maximum of 8 weeks. They are well known for their high feed conversion efficiency with a feed conversion ratio of as low as 1. 6:1. This means for every 1. 6 pounds of every feed that Cornish Cross consumes will produce 1 pound of meat.
The main major benefit of this breed is the high quality of meat it produces. The meat has a good balance of fat and lean tissue not to mention it’s flavorful and tender. This meat is easy to process as the Cornish Cross has a well muscled body, size and shape.
As much as this breed has More advantages it also has a disadvantage. The Cornish Cross is not suited for free-range and pasture-based systems. Another disadvantage is that if not provided with adequate space it can be prone to leg problems. They may be subject to heat stress hence not making them the best breed in hot environments.
Overall the Cornish Cross is the best breed for farmers who are looking for a bird that produces the best meat quality, has a fast growth and high feed conversion efficiency. However it’s best to factor in the potential drawbacks and make sure that the breed is best for the farmers operation.
Red Ranger is well known as a hybrid breed with fast growth rate and high feed conversion efficiency. The red Ranger takes more time to reach slaughter compared to Cornish Cross.
On average a minimum of 8 weeks and a maximum of 10 weeks, Making them one of the fastest growing breeds available. They are best known for their high feed conversion efficiency having a feed conversion ratio as low as 1. 7:1. This simply means for every 1. 7 pounds of feed the Red Ranger consumes, the bird will produce 1 pound of meat.
The Red Ranger has a great advantage of adapting to different environments easily. Red Ranger can do well in free-range or pasture-based systems and can survive in different conditions. The Red Ranger is well known for high quality meat with flavor and a balance of fat and lean tissue.
However the Red Ranger is not the perfect choice for hot environments. It’s also not that good as the Cornish Cross in converting fees into meat.
Overall the Red Ranger is the best breed for those farmers who need a bird that can adapt to different environments with high quality meat production. However it’s important to consider the downsides and ensure the breed is a good fit for the farmers operation.
The Plymouth rock is also one of the broiler breeds known for good feed conversion efficiency while providing the best meat quality. On average this breed has a feed conversion efficiency of 2:1,compared to other best performing breeds this is slightly lower. Plymouth rock produces great meat quality just like other breeds. T he meat has a great flavor and has a good balance of fat and lean tissue.
This breed is well known for its adaptation to different places. It performs best in free -range and pasture-based systems; this alone makes it best to adopt in different environments.
The Plymouth rock has a slower growth rate when you compare it to other meat production breeds. They reach slaughter weight at a minimum of 12 weeks and a maximum of 16 weeks. This can really be a disadvantage for farmers looking for a faster Growing breed. This breed is also not that great in converting feed to meat like other breeds like the Cornish Cross.
Overall the Plymouth rock is a breed for those farmers looking for birds that can easily adapt to different environments and produce meat that has a great flavor. However it’s best to consider the slow growing rate of the Plymouth rock and low feed conversion efficiency and see if it’s a good fit for you.
This is a hybrid breed best known for fast growth rate and good feed conversion efficiency. Freedom Rangers are one of the fastest growing breeds with a minimum of 8 weeks to slaughter and a maximum of 10 weeks. They also have a high feed conversion efficiency with some reaching a ratio as low as 1. 7:1 These entails that go for every 1. 7 pounds of feed consumed, the Freedom Ranger will produce 1 pound of meat.
The adaptation to different environments is one of the advantages of the Freedom Ranger. This breed can do very well in free-range or pasture-based systems and can survive in different environmental conditions. Same as the other breeds, the Freedom Ranger also produces flavorful meat with a good balance of fat and lean tissue.
The freedom Ranger is best for farmers who raise chicken in warm environments as they are affected by overheating in hot environments. This breed is not as good as the Cornish Cross in feed conversion.
Overall the Freedom Ranger is also a best breed for farmers who need to rear a breed that is adaptable in different environments. However as a farmer you need to consider the disadvantages before going with the Freedom Ranger.
This breed just like others is also known for its good feed conversion efficiency and high meat quality. The Sussex have a Feed conversion ratio of 2:1,which is a bit lower than others. But just like the other breeds it’s well known for its flavorful meat with good balance of fat and lean tissue.
Just the same as the previous breed we have discussed, the Sussex can well adapt to different environments. It is also good for free-range and pasture-based systems and also adaptable to different environmental conditions.
However Sussex have a slower growth rate compared to the best breeds on average it goes for 12 weeks on minimum and 16 weeks on a maximum before they reach slaughter weight. This is a pull back for farmers that need a high growth rate breed. This breed is not as good as the Cornish Cross in feed conversion to meat.
Overall the Sussex just like others is a good breed that adapts to different environments and produces great meat quality with a wonderful flavor. However it’s best to factor in the slower growth rate and low fees conversation efficiency before choosing Sussex.
By taking into consideration the advantages and disadvantages of each of the breeds you can now easily determine which breed is best fit for your broiler Farming needs.
In this article we have gone through the top 5 best breeds for meat production. We have gone through the key factors one should consider in choosing a good breed, including Growth rate, Feed conversion efficiency, meat Quality and adaptability to different environments.
Based on this analysis we find that the Cornish Cross, The red Ranger and the Freedom Ranger are the best choices for fast growth and high feed conversion efficiency. The Plymouth rock and Sussex are great for farmers looking for a high quality meat production and more traditional and heritage breed.
Ultimately the best breed for you depends on your personal needs and goals. By weighing the advantages and disadvantages of each bread it’s now easy to determine which breed is good for your meat production needs.